HIV is primarily spread through exchange of bodily fluids between individuals. The HIV virus may be spread through unprotected sex, unnatural sexual behaviors, needle-prick injuries and usage of contaminated needles. Bodily fluids may include semen, blood, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids and breast milk. If these fluids come into contact with a person’s broken skin or mucus membrane in the mouth, genitalia areas or rectal areas, the risks of one being infected with HIV is significantly higher.
Sharing of unsterilized needles for drug usage or tattoos also places one at risk if there is an infected person within the party. One of the most common cause of HIV is through unprotected anal or vaginal sex with an infected person. There is also risk if there is sexual activity with one who is unaware he or she is HIV-positive. The risk also grows when there are multiple sexual partners.
While safe sex practices like condoms may significantly reduce the risks of contracting HIV, protection is never at 100%. Regular HIV testing is still recommended for sexually active individuals for peace of mind.