Vaginal Discharge – What Is Considered Abnormal?

Most women have vaginal discharge that comes out of the vagina. Some have it daily, whereas some have it once in a while. The amounts can be less and infrequent, or heavy and continuous.  Most of the time healthy vaginal discharge is one that is clear or whitish, may have a slight odor that is not strong smelling, may even leave a yellow stain on the underwear.

Abnormal Vaginal Discharge

The abnormal vagina discharge is one that arises from within the walls of the vagina. This discharge can either be clear and watery, thick and white, or even have other colour changes such as yellow, pink, red or even green. 

This discharge can also accompany other symptoms such as vagina Odour – foul smell or fishy smell, vagina pain during sex, vagina pain, vagina itch and discomfort. The consistency of this discharge can also become thicker and more opaque as well.

Again this discharge can be caused by an infection, whether hygiene related or STI related. 

Causes of Abnormal Vaginal Discharge

Causes of hygiene related vagina discharge include Yeast, Monilla, Candida, group B streptococcus, Gardnerella (also known as bacteria vaginosis). 

Causes of STI related vagina discharge are chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomonas, mycoplasma hominis, ureaplasma urealyticum or other vaginal bacteria. Symptoms may appear from 3 days after receptive vaginal intercourse or even receptive female oral fellatio. Many times, conditions such as Chlamydia can remain asymptomatic or symptomless in 7 out of 10 women.

If left untreated, the infections from STI related vagina discharge can cause long term problems such as infertility and even organ damage such as pelvic inflammatory disease. All these are easily preventable with a simple, confidential and fuss free DTAP Express vaginal STD swab. Rapid results for common STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea allow for quick peace of mind and expedited treatment for you and or your partner. Expedited partner therapy allows you to collect medications for your partner also.

STD Testing For Abnormalities

If you opt instead for the DTAP Express FULL Vaginal STD swab, this will pick up both STI related causes of vagina discharge and non STI, or hygiene related causes of vagina discharge. These are all curable with treatments after the results. A repeat swab test is also advised 2 weeks after the end of treatment to document treatment success. 

In some rarer instances, some ladies experience repeated abnormal discharge every month nearing their periods, or even abnormal discharge each time after sex even though both partners have been tested clear for STIs. The results after the swab can then be discussed with our DTAP clinic doctors to further investigate the causes of these repeated symptoms. Our DTAP Clinics at DUO, Robertson and Holland Village have doctors that regularly see Women’s health conditions such as repeated vaginal discharge even after testing and treatment.

Quick, confidential and fuss-free testing in the comfort and privacy of our DTAP Express clinic, designed around the comforts and needs of You the patient, allow for rapid results and expedited treatment for you and or your partner.

References

Carla Re et. l., 2019 J. Int STD & Aids

Vaginal Pain – Causes And Possible Complications

Vagina pain can be caused by infections, hormone related problems or even cysts. The pain can be located on the outer genital region at the vulva involving the skin and labia or the pain can be located from within the walls of the vagina.

Causes of Vaginal Pain

Vaginal pain during periods or menstruations are often associated with gynecological problems and require further women’s health investigations such as a thorough examination, blood test and even scans.

Vaginal pain that is however associated with vaginal discharge, itch and discomfort are then likely due to infections. These infections can either be STI or STD related or Non STI related vaginal infections. The pain arising from infections can either be at the outer genital region or even during sex within the walls of the vagina.

One reason why the pain occurs during an infection is that the walls of the vagina get inflamed and irritated. And upon contact during sex, pain is triggered. 

Non-STI Infections

The infections that can give rise to vagina pain include the non STI infections such as Yeast, Monilla, Candida, group B streptococcus, Gardnerella (also known as bacteria vaginosis). These infections can occur due to a change in hormones, hygiene concerns or even hygiene bacteria from your partner after sex. Sometimes these infections occur with a discharge that may have an odour or smell present. This discharge can either be clear and watery, thick and white, or even yellow or green in colour.

If however the infection was caused by an STI or STD such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomonas, mycoplasma hominis, ureaplasma urealyticum or other vaginal bacteria, it can also lead to vagina pain, with or without discharge, without or without odour and sometimes even without any symptoms at all. In the event there are symptoms, they may appear 3-5 days after sexual exposure.

Getting Tested

If you are concerned about STDs, especially the common ones like Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea, DTAP Express vagina STD swab allows one to pick up the common STD infections with the aid of a soft self swab, in a circular motion up the walls of the vagina. Studies have shown that self assessed swabs were as accurate as those taken by a healthcare worker and the added benefit of privacy and overcoming any embarrassment or shyness one may have seeing a healthcare worker.

However for ladies who prefer a comprehensive investigation, the DTAP Express FULL Vaginal STD swab will pick up the remaining causes of an infection whether hygiene related such as Yeast, Monila, Candida, group B streptococcus, Gardnerella (also known as bacteria vaginosis). Or the remaining STI related ones such as trichomonas, mycoplasma hominis, ureaplasma urealyticum or other vaginal bacteria.